Mexicali (pronounced mexi'kali ) is the capital city of the Mexican state of Baja California, seat of the Municipality of Mexicali. The City of Mexicali has a population of 689,775, according to the 2010 census, while the population of the entire metropolitan area reaches 996,826.
The city maintains a highly educated and skilled population, as the city has modernized and become an important population center in the desert region.
Mexicali's economy has been historically based on agricultural products, and to this day it remains a large sector of the economy. As time has progressed, however, its economy has gradually gone from being agricultural to include industry, mainly maquiladoras. Companies such as Honeywell, GKN Aerospace, Kellogg's, Gulfstream, UTC Aerospace Systems, SunPower, Rockwell Collins, LG Electronics, National Oilwell Varco, Mitsubishi, Autolite, Nestlé, Coca-Cola, Robert Bosch and Goodrich Corporation have built maquiladora plants in the city.
Mexicali is the national pioneer for the aerospace industry in Mexico, when Rockwell Collins (former Hughes Tool Company) decided to establish an operation in 1966. Rockwell Collins it's the oldest company under the maquiladora program nationwide.