Mexicali (pronounced mexi'kali) is the capital city of the Mexican state of Baja California, seat of the Municipality of Mexicali. The City of Mexicali has a population of 689,775, according to the 2010 census, while the population of the entire metropolitan area reaches 996,826.
The city maintains a highly educated and skilled population, as the city has modernized and become an important population center in the desert region.
Mexicali is the national pioneer for the aerospace industry in Mexico, when Rockwell Collins (former Hughes Tool Company) decided to establish an operation in 1966. Rockwell Collins it's the oldest company under the maquiladora program nationwide.
The city of Mexicali was founded in 1903, and its name is a portmanteau of Mexico and California, as is the name of Calexico, California across the border.
The municipality of Mexicali, is divided into 14 administrative boroughs (Spanish:delegaciones) of which the city of Mexicali occupies 3 beside the city proper area; all boroughs are in turn divided into colonias or ejidos. These boroughs offer administrative services such as urban planning, civil registry, inspection, verification, public works and community development and are served by a delegado.